Continued from yesterday’s blog….
The foundation of Muslim rule in India (Hindustan) was laid by Mu'izzud-Din Muhammad, born Shahab Ud-Din Muhammad Ghori or Muhammad of Ghor (born in 1149 AD), a ruler of Ghorid empire in Afghanistan. Prithviraj Chauhan (also called Rai Pithaura by Muslim historians), was a king of the Rajput Chauhan dynasty, who ruled a kingdom in Northern India which included much of the present day Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana, and parts of Uttar Pradesh and Punjab during the 2nd half of 12th century. He succeeded to the throne while still a minor and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi. His stories of valour and courage since a young age are legendry in the folklores of Rajasthan and Indian literatures. Muhammad Ghori intended to invade India and thus in 1191 AD, proceeded towards “Hindustan” through the Khyber Pass in modern day Pakistan and was successful in reaching Punjab. He captured the fortress, Bathinda in present-day Punjab state on the north western frontier of Chauhan's kingdom. Hereafter, Ghorid army attacked the Kingdom of Prithviraj Chauhan at Tarain in 1191 AD. The Ghorid army initiated battle at Tarain by attacking with cavalry who launched arrows at the Rajputs from the centre. The forces of Prithviraj counter-attacked from three sides and dominated the battle. Ghori was defeated in the first battle of Tarain by Prithviraj and was taken prisoner. His army fled leaving Ghori in the battle field. With the Rajputs in hot pursuit, the fleeing Muslim general Qutub-ud-din Aibak of Ghori’s army let loose a large herd of cows chained to each other to block the path of the pursing Rajput army. Thus with their path blocked by bovines, whom the Hindus looked upon as a deity, it was impossible for the Rajput army to cut down the cows blocking their path and the Muslim army shrewdly made its escape, reducing its losses and preventing many Muslim soldiers from being taken as captives by the victorious Rajputs. When the captured Mohammad Ghori was brought before Prithviraj as a captive, Ghori begged for mercy and promised that he would never lift his eyes toward Hindustan again. But internally he was seething with rage at being humiliated for having been captured by a “Kafer king”. But Prithviraj Chauhan, true to his Hindu tradition of large hearted graciousness towards a hapless unarmed prisoner king, foolishly ordered the release of Ghori against the advice of his friend & court poet Chandra Vardai and others generals of Rajput army. Once freed, the vengeful Ghori who was thirsty for revenge, went back to his kingdom Ghor to carefully plan his next attack on Prithviraj. Ghori reneged on his sham promise to Prithviraj and promptly murdered the Rajput escorts and envoys that Prithviraj had sent to accompany Ghori back to Ghor. Displaying utter contempt for civilized behaviour, Ghori sent their severed heads as token of his “goodwill” to Prithviraj. Ghori broke his deceptive promise to Prithviraj and attacked Prithviraj’s kingdom once again in 1192 AD. Muhammad Ghori sent an ultimatum to Prithviraj that either he change his religion to Islam or be prepared to be defeated by Ghorid army. Prithviraj rejected Ghori’s ultimatum and in reply offered him a cease-fire to consider a retreat with his army. So, the two armies again gathered at the same battlefield of Tarain (Taraori) near the ancient town of Thanesar (Thaneshwara) in present day Haryana. Ghori’s spies had told him that whenever the Hindus battled, the armies fought from sunrise up to sunset and there was no warfare before Sunrise and after sunset. In the meantime, Ghori also came to know that the supporting armies from the nearby friendly Rajput states were yet to reach Tarain. In fact, there was another angle to this delay too. Prithviraj’s father-in-law was Jaichand, the ruler of the Kannauj kingdom. He belonged to the Gaharwar dynasty, subsequently known as the Rathore dynasty. Sanyogita (also known as Samyukta), the daughter of Jaichand had a love affair with Prithviraj. After becoming one of the most powerful rulers in North India, Jaichand decided to conduct a symbolic sacrifice (yajna) to declare his supremacy. But Prithviraj, did not accept his supremacy and this caused enmity between the two powerful Rajput Kingdoms. When Jaichand arranged “Swayamvar” ceremony for his daughter Samyukta’s marriage, he invited many princes of acceptable rank and heritage, but deliberately kept Prithviraj out of it. To add insult, Jaichand also erected a statue of Prithviraj depicting him as a doorman at the venue. Learning this Prithviraj made his plans and confided the same to Samyukta. On the day of the ceremony, Samyukta entered the venue of the swayamvar and walked straight down the hall passing by all the assembled princes she reached the door and garlanded the statue of Prithviraj. Prithviraj, who had been hiding behind the statue in the garb of a doorman, emerged and eloped with Samyukta and married her. Thus, Prithviraj and Jaichand became sworn enemies. When Muhammad Ghori invaded India in 1192 AD, Jaichand allied with Ghori and his influence was instrumental in delaying the arrival of supporting armies in Tarain from other Hindu Rajput states. So, the Muslim army of Ghori attacked Prithviraj’s Rajput army at 3a.m. before dawn. The Muslims had the advantage of surprise, which they had gained by deceit. The uneven battle continued till noon, by when the Muslims had slaughtered many of the Rajputs. But the Rajputs did not yield and gradually gained the upper hand in the battle. By midday, it looked like the second battle of Tarain would also go the way the first had gone. Ghori saw victory slipping out of his hands once again and so resorted to another patented Muslim subterfuge of single combat – called Mard-o-Mard in Farsi (Persian). Ghori sent words that he would call off the battle, if Prithviraj came and fought his champion Qutub-ud-din Aibak in single combat. To save the lives of his soldiers and to conclude the war quickly Prithviraj agreed. The rule in single combat was that when one combatant is either pinned down or killed, the army to which he belongs retreats by conceding defeat. No other combatant is allowed to participate in this combat, hence the name - single combat. But with the insidious Muslims, this rule did not hold. When the two met , Prithviraja’s sword felt heavy on Qutub, who risked losing his life. So Qutub resorted to a feint and by whirling below his saddle, cut off one of the feet of Prithviraj’s horse, before Prithviraj could realize what he was up to. As the horse lost balance, Prithviraj tripped and fell off his wounded horse. At a pre-arranged signal from Qutub, a band of Muslim soldiers, who had till then stood aside in the grab of horse-tenders, jumped on Prithviraj, pinned him down and pressed on his face a dose of hashish. They bound the drugged Prithviraj in chains and galloped away with him as a prisoner into their ranks, before the Rajputs could realize this unexpected act of treachery. Ghori’s army then spread a rumour in the Rajput camp that Prithviraj was dead and that they were holding aloft his dead body on an elephant to show the Rajputs the futility of fighting further. When Prithviraj’s army saw this, they conceded defeat and thus Muslim rule over India started with a trade mark Muslim trick of deceit. Ghori’s army took captured Prithviraj to Afghanistan.
Our Leftist-Jihadi sympathiser historians, don’t describe the Tarain battle so much in details as above and in short say that after the defeat (they don’t narrate the deceit used by the Muslim army of Ghori) in the 2nd battle of Tarain, Prithviraj was executed by Ghori in Afghanistan and that was the end of this Rajput Chauhan King. As per them, Muhammad Ghori was assassinated on 15th March’1206 AD, while offering his evening prayers back in Afghanistan. But identity of Ghori's assassins is disputed, with some of the historians claiming that he was assassinated by local Gakhars and others claiming he was assassinated by Khokhars or even Ismailis. However, this is an absolute lie and an attempt to pull wool over our eyes by the unabashedly pro-jihadi, communist, anti-national intellectuals and historians. A little research of the various folklores, local history and related archaeological sites in Rajasthan and also in Afghanistan can prove their narration of the battle, the theory of execution of Prithviraj and assassination of Ghori wrong. I have narrated above the actual picture of the life and time of Prithviraj Chauhan and the two battles of Tarain. The truth of Prithviraj and Ghori ’s death is as follows and I will explain later why this is the truth.
It was correct that the captured Prithviraj Chauhan was taken to Ghor in Afghanistan by the Muslim invaders. When Prithviraj was presented in chains before Muhammed Ghori in his court in presence of the Ghorid courtiers (ministers and generals), Prithviraj reminded Ghori, how when he was captured and presented before Prithviraj (after the 1st battle of Tarain), Prithviraj had honourably released him trusting his promises. On hearing this Ghori and his courtiers laughed at Prithviraj and told him that he was a fool and did not understand Islam and the Muslim psyche. When Prithviraj glared back at Ghori, he ordered him to lower his eyes as he was a captive and at the mercy of Ghori. But a defiant Prithviraj told him that a Rajput’s eyes are lowered only in death. On hearing this, Ghori flew into a rage and ordered that Prithviraj’s eyes be pierced with red hot irons. Then a blinded Prithviraj was kept in solitary confinement and was regularly hauled to Ghori’s court to be taunted by Ghori and his courtiers as the “Lion of Delhi”. During this period of captivity, Prithviraj’s friend, court poet and biographer Chandra Vardai (also known as Chand Bardai) came to Ghor and secured himself a place in Ghori’s court by showing his skills as a composer of poems in praise of the Ghorid King. But in reality Chandra Vardai was looking for an opportunity to avenge Ghori’s betrayal and humiliation of his king and told Prithviraj of a plan. Before an annual event of Buskhazi (a sports event to showcase archery and other such fighting skills) was to be organized, Chandra Vardai told Ghori, that Prithviraj was so skilled an archer, that he could hit a target even with blind eyes without seeing the target and requested him to allow Prithviraj to demonstrate his skills. Actually Prithviraj was an expert archer in hitting target only by listening to a sound coming from it without even looking at the target. Bardai also told Ghori that as per Rajput tradition, King Prithviraj would accept order to shoot only from King Ghori, who had defeated him. Ghori’s ego being rubbed the right way, he readily agreed. On the specified day, Prithviraj was brought to the sporting arena and given a bow and a few arrows. And when Ghori gave the order to Prithviraj to shoot, Chandra Vardai in the following poetic stanza described the sitting position of Ghori –
“ Char baans, chaubis gaj, angul ashta pramaan,
Ete pal hai Sultan, ab mat chuko Chauhan”.
Prithviraj turned and took aim in the direction from where he heard Ghori’s voice and based on Chand Vardai’s couplet, in a flash sent three arrows one after another racing to Ghori’s throat. Ghori was thus stuck dead by Prithviraj. Naturally after this Prithviraj was killed by the courtiers of Ghorid kingdom. Thus Prithviraj had his justice, although due to his folly in pardoning the deceitful Ghori, he lost his kingdom and India lost its sovereignty to the beast like Muslim invaders.
But, the leftist-jihadi sympathiser historians of our country may say that the above is just fragment of imagination or folklore and there is no historical/archaeological proof available to substantiate it. However, I can prove them wrong with proofs available even today. On the outskirts of Ghazni in Afghanistan, there exist two domed tombs. The larger is of Muhammad Ghori and few meters away is a second smaller tomb of Prithviraj Chauhan. In the centre of the second tomb there is a bare patch of earth where the actual grave should have been. Hanging over this spot from the top of the dome is a long, thick rope ending in a knot at shoulder height. Local Afghan Muslims even today on the birth and death anniversaries of Ghori, grab hold of this knot in one hand and stamp vigorously and repeatedly with one foot on the bare patch in the centre of the tomb. This is to vent their anger by stamping on the grave of Prithviraj Chauhan, as according to their local history, Prithviraj had killed their hero Ghori as I described above. This narration of Prithviraj’s imprisonment and then death of Muhammad Ghori and Prithviraj as described above is also found in “Prithviraja Raso”, the epic biographical poem composed by the biographer-court poet, Chandra Vardai, on the life of Prithviraj Chauhan. The “Prithviraj Raso” was composed by Chandra Vardai, who as per his occupation, accompanied the king in all his battles and completed by Vardai's son Jalhana. Had this not been historically true fact, how both - the Muslims in Afghanistan and Rajputs in India over generations of centuries follow/believe the same sequence of events, which finds its mention with striking similarity in both their historical and biographical folklores? Also, how is it that still the Muslims in Afghanistan vent their anger by stamping on the grave of Prithviraj Chauhan for killing their hero Muhammad Ghori? History is always based on investigation of tradition, biographical folklore, writings of the court poets/biographers and archaeological remains. But while teaching us history of Prithviraj and Ghori, our unabashedly pro-Islamist, communist, anti-national historians and intellectuals totally ignored all these elements of historical facts and articulated their completely false and fabricated description of events to deprive us of the accounts of the glorious historical bravery of our Hindu kings and heroes. Thus our pseudo secular Congress Prime Ministers always paid their obeisance at invader Babur’s grave ignoring the grave of our Hero Prithviraj Chauhan lying dilapidated and neglected in the same country – Afghanistan.
From history, we become aware of the achievements of our ancestors - their successes and failures. It enables us to analyse the reasons that brought those successes and failures and thus helps us take corrective steps in the present geo-political-economic situation. So, if our history is erroneous or distorted, we will not be able to identify and anticipate the cause and implication of our current national problems. Therefore, distortion of national history is not only a serious offense, but an unpardonable crime. However, in India this crime has been committed by our pseudo secular historians, intellectuals and politicians, who are feeding us a history which is horribly distorted due to political reasons. Particularly the history of Muslim conquest and the period of Muslim rule, that lasted for nearly eight centuries, has been so distorted that it is almost impossible for an individual to salvage the true history from those garbage of lies and deceits. The most unfortunate part of this episode is that, majority of citizens after learning this distorted history through the text books since school days, are developing wrong ideas about their past, hating and ignoring the glorious traditions, achievements and bravery of their forefathers. It should be noted that the concept of Hindu-Muslim amity was entirely biased and prejudiced. Only Hindus have been made to sacrifice for the sake of the said Hindu-Muslim amity and secularism. To achieve that pseudo secularism, our historians and politicians have collaborated for alteration and distortion of Indian history, particularly the period of Muslim rule. And two major guidelines have been set for this purpose – a. Muslim rulers were not foreign invaders as they mostly lived and died in India and b. the Muslim rule in India was not a colonial, oppressive rule but a golden period of Indian history. And following these two guidelines, a group of spineless, self-serving and traitorous individuals called secular historians, have twisted, falsified and misinterpreted history of India on a grand scale to demoralize the natives (Hindus). Not only that, the Government of India mostly under the pseudo secular Congress was perverting Indian history in the name of national integration. Please remember, the teaching of falsified history affects us all as it moulds our mentality and characteristics. It determines how we behave with one another and with non-Indians and how non-Indians treat us. They pretend that the generally cruel Muslim rule in India was benign and secular so that this account will serve to make present Hindus and Muslims more benign and secular and help them bury the past. But actually the opposite is true. If a nation does not face its true history, it has no future and its present remains confused. It has also been intentionally done in order to prevent the majority community from awakening from its colonial and religious oppression, fearing this would increase communal disharmony even though distortions caused, like the image of Hindus as backward idolaters, castiest and coward continue in the world media today. The result is that tour country lacks a genuine national pride and a sense of its continuity to ancient times. India needs a real national spirit and for this a national sense of history, pride and purpose is required. True Indian nationalism should be rooted in true Indian ethos of spirituality, courage and pluralism based on national and historical pride. A greater sense of national identity would be the best thing to counter the present disintegrating influences of jihadi culture, castiest and regional forces that are taking our country to doom.